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Quick and Fun Steel effects SBS (by Todd Michalak)

Recently I have been working on Takom’s FT-17 and I was thinking of putting a little twist in the look. One of the items I thought might look interesting was if the engine hatches were slightly weathered raw steel in appearance. I thought it would be fun to make a quick little run through on one way of making the raw steel plate.

There are a few different ways to obtain the raw steel look when painting; here is one simple quick way.

Step 1. First you need to prime the piece you are working on. It is always best to let the primer cure well enough before beginning the process. (Surface Primer 70.615)

Step 2. Once the primer coat has had the proper curing time; I darkened the piece using Model Air 71.055 paying particularly close attention to the edges and around the surface details. Waiting only long enough for the paint to dry to the touch, I needed to highlight the open area surfaces to the panes.

Step 3. I used Model Air 71.045 to do this. This coat is a randomly sprayed, fine mist coat. This is not meant to fully cover the base Black Grey but show natural fading that happens to the center of steel panels.

Step 4. The next step involves a little dry brushing. Using Model Color 70.863, I took a small flat brush and dry brushed the Gunmetal Grey onto the piece.

Step 5 & 6. Dry brushing is the process of dampening the end of the flat brush, swipe the brush a few time across a paper towel or clean cloth to remove the excess paint leaving a hint of paint on the brush and then with extremely light brush strokes just barely touching the surface to apply paint to the raised surfaces to highlight the piece. For these pieces I wanted to highlight the edges, rivets and hinges mostly; however with the steel effect, lightly passing the brush across the whole panel will emphasize the steel look.

Step 7 & 8 To gain a more realistic feel to the steel, applying bits of rust will add focus to the part. The amount of rust is solely up to the individual personal tastes. I like to use dark tones for base rust, for this purpose Vallejo Camouflage Black Brown is ideal. Where I would normally use Model Color for this step, my bottle was empty. I chose to use my bottle of Model Air 71.042. This paint is thinned down for airbrush applications but if the paint is mixed well, the paint preforms excellent. The chips of rust can be applied using a fine tip brush or will the aid of various sponges.
Similar to the dry brushing, dip the sponge into the paint and then before applying the paint to the model, push the sponge down onto a clean cloth or paper towel to remove the excess paint. The chips are created with the sponge buy lightly touching the surface in small stippling movements keeping the sponge at different angle to the piece to create the appearance of randomness. After the chipping color has dried an application of Matte or Semi-gloss Varnish is suggested. This will help protect the surface as well as all of the work that you have done up to this point. Next I wanted to apply the lightening effect of what is naturally seen when rusting happens. To get this effect, I used Model Air 71.040 Burnt Umber. I thinned the Burnt Umber with water to about 1 drop to every 3 to 4 drops of paint. Then using a fine tip brush, apply a small amount of the thinned paint onto and just around selected

Step 9. Before the paint has had a chance to dry, I used a dry, soft bristled brush to lightly stipple the area, stopping often to wipe the brush quickly on a clean cloth or paper towel to remove excess paint. This will flatten the paint out and blend with the area around Camouflage Black Brown color creating a translucent rusting effect. The process is then repeated moving further away from the original rust staining and by using lighter and brighter rust color to build depth to the staining. I chose Model Air 71.129  for the outer staining and this was applied using the same technique as the Burnt Umber.

Step 10 . Rust forms in many way and is different depending on the types of metal it is forming on. In this case, the raw steel would have bright orange tones mixed in with the overall rusting effect. By using a fine tip brush, I took Model Air 71.130  and placed fine, random lines of the bright orange color being careful as not to overdo the process.

Step 11 & 12. And there you have it, a quick and fun way to create an effective raw steel look to something you are working on. As I mentioned, the rusting process of metals happens countless different ways. Don’t be afraid to play around with techniques using paints, pigments, different colors and amounts; this can change a piece dramatically. But most of all, have FUN!

Date of publication: 12/04/2014
http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com/en_US/quick-and-fun-steel-effects-sbs--(by-todd-michalak)/blog/57 Quick and Fun Steel effects SBS (by Todd Michalak)

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