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US tank crew



Among all the hobby disciplines, painting and assembling figures isn’t probably the easiest one. However, if we already have the adequate paint mixtures ready for the different colors of the figure’s uniform, the task turns a whole lot easier.

Following a thorough study of all the tank crew people of WWII, Acción Press created a number of paint sets that Vallejo Acrylics sells under the Panzer Aces.
We can find in those sets the base color for each uniform plus a lighter color of the same range to do the highlights. As with all other acrylic paints, these products
can be mixed together with any other Model Color references for instance.
Beginner and midadvanced hobbyists will discover how easy it is to work with these paint sets, because paint doesn’t almost smell, can be easily spread, it dilutes in water and dries up pretty quickly. Advanced hobbyists will find out that these sets save a lot of figure painting time.

This review will show the step by step painting system on a US tank crew. Beginner Hobbyists don’t necessarily have to follow every step described, because these steps should only be
closely followed by advanced hobbyists. Beginner hobbyists should only use this review as a general guideline. I just hope that every one of you will take the main ideas adapt them to their abilities, and keep enjoying our hobby.



1. Priming the figure with a highly diluted mixture of Model Air 71024 and 71043. Paint is airbrushed with apressure of ½ bar.
2. We add Model Air 71034 to the priming mixture and airbrush it from the head to get some highlights and see some volume.
3. Brushwork begins with a watered down mixture of Panzer Aces paints 318 and 322.
4. By increasing the amount of the lightest color reference we begin to increase the highlights on the crests of the clothing folds.We should use a number 2 brush.



5. Further mixtures with increasing amounts of the lightest shade are used for increasing highlights. By going over several times with watered down paint we will obtain a gradual smooth highlight.
6. Light strokes will light up in a subtle way the shoulders, forearms, clothing folds etc.
7. In order to increase the highlight and a put a range of color into the highlight itself we add a little 323.
8. Basic shadows are created with paint filters on 318 mixed with 333.We will work on the creviced areas (inner part of arms and legs for instance) and inside the creases on the clothing. The darkest areas will only get the second paint reference.



1. Now we’ll work with both the lights and shadows, increasing either one wherever necessary. Working on the whole figure at once helps you equilibrate both effects.
2/3. The final highlights include 344 added to the final highlight mixture. Using a diluted version of this mixture and a number 1 brush will help us light up details like seams and zippers. We can also mark the contours with the previous “shadows” mixture.



4. The patches on the figure’s arms have a bluish base obtained by mixing 309 and 333. The blue area on the triangular patch contains Panzer Aces 309 and 344, the yellow area 953 and the red one 908 both Model Color references.
5. The rank insignia and the “T” that stands for technical personnel are painted with 332. The edges for both are lighted up with 344. After we’ve lighted up the triangular division patch with 344 we paint its inner design with 337.
6. The elastic clothing elements are painted with a mixture of 334 and 336. Highlights are done by adding 340 and 313 to the previous mixture, and for the shadows add 337.
7. The binoculars, painted on Model Color’s 950, can be noticeably lighted up with Panzer Aces 333. The leather strap is painted with 312.



8. Once we’ve lighted up the leather strap using Panzer Aces 341, chipped areas can be done using a number 1 brush and Model Air 63. The lenses are conveyed with a drop of Model Color gloss varnish.
9. Boots are painted with 333.
10. The folds on the leather surface are highlighted with 337.
11. A greater proportion of the last reference will be useful to create the impression of well used leather. The shadows on the folds are painted with Model Color’s 950.



12. Both hands and face get Panzer Aces 341 base paint.
13. The first highlights are subtly applied on the chin, nose cheeks and the arc above the eyes. The mixture used contains 341 and 342.
14. The same mixture is used to apply the next highlights on the same areas. We need to dilute paint in order to depositthe pigments gradually over a number ofapplications, until we get the desired effect.
15. In order to get a good overview of the results we’re obtaining, we interrupt the highlighting process and begin to create the shadows. We use extremely diluted 343 and apply paint filters underneath the chin, nose, cheeks and eyebrows. We begin the eyes by sketching the eyelashes with a line of 333.



16. Areas like the eye lines, nostrils or lips are marked with 343, the same color reference employed toproceed with the shadows before. The white area on the eyes is taken care of with a mixture of 342 and 313.
17. After we’re done painting the iris in the eyes using 309 lighted up with 313 both the lights and shadows on the face are strengthened with a few more highlights and shadows. The last highlight requires 342 and 313.
18. An unshaved face will create some character into our figure. Using a well diluted mixture of 342 and 333 we put a five o’clock shadow into the figure’s jaw and upper lip area.
19. The beard is slightly lighted up by adding more 342 to the mixture. The congestion in the face (effect of cold weather) is achieved with a filter below the nose, lips and cheeks with a mixture of 343 and 908.



20. The helmet is dealt with a couple of layers with the following mixture: 333 and 348.
21. Highlights are obtained by adding 323. This color is used to create some specks on the upper area of the helmet and its edges.
22. Shadows are created from the bottom upwards applying color filters of base mixture with greater amounts of the darkest color in it.
23. Paint chips on the surface are created with tiny dots created with a number 1 brush dipped on Model Air’s 63.



24. Rust on the steel helmet is created with 302.
25. Excess gloss can be taken care of with a paint wash of 323, which also gives it a dusty look. Final shadowing is created with 333.

KITS USED:
US Tank Crew in winter 1, Alpine Miniatures ref. 35033, 1/35 scale.

COLOUR CHART:
PANZER ACES (acrylics)
302 dark rust
309 periscopes
312 leather belt
313 stencil
318 US Army tankcrew
322 highlights US tankcrew
323 highlights USMC tankcrew
332 Japonese tankcrew
333 German tankcrew (black)
334 German tankcrew I (Feldgrau)
336 highlights Afrikakorps
337 highlights German (black)
340 highlights Afrikakorps tankcrew
341 flesh base
342 highlights flesh
343 shadows flesh
344 white (German tanker)
348 Splinter strips

MODEL COLOR (acrylics)
510 glossy varnish
908 carmine red
950 black
953 flat yellow

MODEL AIR (acrylics)
24 Khaki Brown
34 Sandy Brown
43 Olive Drab
63 silver metallic

Categorías:  Panzer Aces
Fecha de publicación: 23/08/2010
http://www.acrylicosvallejo.com/es_ES/us-tank-crew/blog/27 US tank crew

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